NOTE: People with fever, cough or difficulty breathing should call their doctor and seek medical attention.
- COVID-19 is an infectious newly discovered coronavirus disease.
- A novel Coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain of a large family of viruses that has not been previously identified in humans and causes illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases.
- Globally COVID-19 infected people experienced illness with this:
mild to moderate respiratory illness.
older people and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.
The best way to prevent and slow down transmission is
to aware everyone about the COVID-19 virus
the disease it causes
how it spreads.
At this time, there are no specific vaccines or treatments for COVID-19.
COVID-19 Virus can occur by:
Direct contact with infected people.
Indirect contact with surfaces in the immediate environment.
Contact with objects used on the infected person.
Modes of transmission:
- Respiratory infections
- Droplet transmission
- Airborne transmission
COVID-19 virus is primarily transmitted between people through respiratory droplets and contact routes, It can be transmitted through droplets particle sizes:
>5-10 μm in diameter – respiratory droplets.
<5μm in diameter – droplet nuclei.
When an infected person with symptoms (e.g., coughing or sneezing) is in close contact (within 1 m) with someone must have a high risk of having his/her mucosae (mouth and nose) or conjunctiva (eyes) exposed to potentially infective respiratory droplets.
The respiratory droplets (COVID-19) virus have a high risk with:
Direct contact with infected people
Indirect contact with surfaces in the immediate environment
Contact with objects used on the infected person
Around the infected person, the transmission may also occur through fomites in the immediate environment.
Due to particle(s) size <5μm in diameter – droplet nuclei, is different from droplet transmission, Airborne transmission is more dangerous to infect a person because the presence of microbes within droplet nuclei can remain in the air for long periods of time and be transmitted to other(s) over distances greater than 1 m.
The COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so it’s important that you also practice respiratory etiquette (for example, by coughing into a flexed elbow).
To prevent infection and to slow transmission of COVID-19, do the following:
- More you stay home more you avoid transmission.
- Avoid unnecessary travel
- Cover your nose and mouth when coughing or sneezing.
- If you feel unwell, just stay home.
- Regularly, clean your hands with soap and water, or alcohol-based hand rub.
- Avoid touching your face.
- Refrain from smoking and other activities that weaken the lungs.
- Maintain at least 1 metre distance between you and people coughing or sneezing.
- Practice physical distancing/ social distancing.
- Staying away from the crowd (groups of people)/gathering/assembly etc.
SYMPTOMS as WHO (World Health Organization) described:
The COVID-19 virus affects different people in different ways. COVID-19 is a respiratory disease and most infected people will develop mild to moderate symptoms and recover without requiring special treatment. People who have underlying medical conditions and those over 60 years old have a higher risk of developing severe disease and death.
Common symptoms include:
- dry cough.
Other symptoms include:
- shortness of breath
- aches and pains
- sore throat
- and very few people will report diarrhoea, nausea or a runny nose.
People with mild symptoms who are otherwise healthy should self-isolate and contact their medical provider or a COVID-19 information line for advice on testing and referral.
People with fever, cough or difficulty breathing should call their doctor and seek medical attention.
WHO’s strategic objectives for this response are to:
• Interrupt human-to-human transmission including reducing secondary infections among close contacts and health care workers, preventing transmission amplification events, and preventing further international spread*;
• Identify, isolate and care for patients early, including providing optimized care for infected patients;
• Identify and reduce transmission from the animal source;
• Address crucial unknowns regarding clinical severity, extent of transmission and infection, treatment options, and accelerate the development of diagnostics, therapeutics and vaccines;
• Communicate critical risk and event information to all communities and counter misinformation;
• Minimize social and economic impact through multisectoral partnerships.
[*This can be achieved through a combination of public health measures, such as rapid identification, diagnosis and management of the cases, identification and follow up of the contacts, infection prevention and control in health care settings, implementation of health measures for travelers, awareness-raising in the population and risk communication. ]
COVID19 STATEWISE STATUS
India – Covid 19 Status As On: 17 April 2020, 08:00 GMT+5:30
Passenger screened on Airport: 15,24,266
Active Cases: 11201
|Name of State / UT||Total Confirmed cases (Including 55 foreign Nationals)||Cured/|
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands||11||10||0|
|Jammu and Kashmir||300||36||4|
|Total number of confirmed cases in India||11201||1748||437|
Central Helpline Number for corona-virus: – +91-11-23978046
Helpline Numbers of States & Union Territories (UTs)
|S. No||Name of the State||Helpline Nos.|
|13|| Madhya Pradesh ||104|
|15|| Manipur ||3852411668|
|16|| Meghalaya ||108|
|17|| Mizoram ||102|
|18|| Nagaland ||7005539653|
|19|| Odisha ||9439994859|
|20|| Punjab ||104|
|21|| Rajasthan ||0141-2225624|
|22|| Sikkim ||104|
|23|| Tamil Nadu ||044-29510500|
|27||Uttar Pradesh ||18001805145|
|28||West Bengal ||03323412600, 1800313444222,|
|S. No||Name of Union Territory (UT) .||Helpline Nos|
|1||Andaman and Nicobar Islands||03192-232102|
|3||Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu||104|
|5||Jammu & Kashmir ||01912520982, 0194-2440283|
|6|| Ladakh ||01982256462|