The first national park in India is Jim Corbett National Park, which is located in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand. The park was originally named Hailey National Park and founded in 1936, but it is currently known as Jim Corbett National Park.
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National Park Definition: An area set aside by a national government for the preservation of the natural environment.
A national park is a government-protected region where a diversity of wildlife, flora, and trees are safeguarded. The goal of these national parks is to safeguard numerous types of wildlife and plants that are on the verge of extinction as a result of increasing human development competition on a national scale. National parks have been established to protect these creatures and vegetation.
National Park Meaning in Hindi:
- राष्ट्रीय पार्क / राष्ट्रीय उद्यान:
- लोगों के मनेरंजन के लिए सरकार द्वारा संरक्षित विस्तृत सुंदर भूमि;
- A large area of beautiful land that is protected by the government so that the public can enjoy it
1st National Park in India
Which is the First National park in India?
The 1st National Park in India was Hailey National Park (Old Name), which was established in 1936 and is located in Uttarakhand’s Nainital region. Best recognized for being the world’s oldest national park and for being the first to initiate Project Tiger in 1973, as well as for the Royal Bengal Tiger, Asiatic Elephant, Bear, Deer, Otters, and other animals, as well as over 650 domestic and migratory bird species.
Tiger: Panthera tigris
- Common Name: Bengal Tiger
- Scientific Name: Panthera tigris tigris
- Type: Mammals (give birth to live young)
Jim Corbett National Park
Jim Corbett National Park first national park in India, is located in northern India’s State – Uttarakhand, Nainital District, Ramnagar. Best known for wild animals rare to see, as Bengal Tigers, Leopards and wild Elephants, roam the Dhikala zone, rich in Flora and watch hundreds of Bird species (650 species of domestic and migratory Birds).
Jim Corbett National Park is famous for:
- This is India’s first national park, established in 1936. It is named after Jim Corbett, a famous naturalist and conservationist.
- The park is known for having the most tigers of any Indian national park.
- Thousands of kilometres of breathtaking scenery. The park is spread over the magnificent landscapes of Pauri Garhwal, Almora, and Nainital, covering 1318.54 sq km, of which 520 sq km is the primary area and the rest is buffer.
- In some regions, overnight stays are permitted.
- Keep an eye out for the Royal Bengal Tiger, Asiatic Elephant, Bear, Deer, Otters, and other creatures, as well as over 650 species of domestic and migratory Birds.
- The magnificent Jim Corbett National Park, located near the popular hill-station of Nainital in the Himalayan foothills, is famous for being home to the highest number of tigers of any Indian national park.
- A jeep safari through the deep forest to witness wild creatures in their natural habitat is a must-do. You might even get a chance to see a tiger if you’re lucky.
Read More: The Project Tiger | Project Elephant
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Importance of National Parks
The Importance of park for us, as follows:
- India, the country is home to a diverse range of Vegetation (plants & trees) and Animals and Birds, one of the world’s 17 megadiverse countries.
- A national park is a collection of one or more ecosystem(s) that are off-limits to humans i.e., natural habitat as in earlier era.
Here, flora and fauna species, as well as many other specific species and their habitats, are protected, and specific scientific study is conducted.
- All of India’s national parks are within the IUCN’s second category of protected areas. Jim Corbett National Park was named after him, and it is still known by that name today.
- This an in-situ conservation method within the country.
- In general, National Parks are not founded on specific species-based. They are unable to be demoted to the position of a ‘sanctuary’.
- No human activity is permitted here helps not to damage any wild animal’s habitat.
- Here, animal grazing and private tenurial rights are prohibited.
- It is illegal to hunt / harm or capture any of the species listed in the Law and Schedule(s) of the Wildlife Act’s.
- No one shall destroy, remove, or exploit any wildlife from a National Park, nor shall anyone destroy or damage any wild animal’s habitat, or deprive any wild animal of its habitat within a national park.
Where is Jim Corbett National Park?
Jim corbett national park is situated in northern India’s State – Uttarakhand, Nainital District, Ramnagar. Known for wild animals rare to see as Bengal tigers leopards and wild elephants, roam the Dhikala zone, rich in Flora and watch hundreds of bird species.
Jim Corbett National Park is famous for?
Jim Corbett National Park, the first national park in India is Hailey National Park (Old Name), was founded in 1936 which is located in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand. Best known for Oldest National Park and prestigious to launch Project Tiger in 1973 and also for Royal Bengal Tiger, Asiatic Elephant, Bear, Deer, Otters, and other creatures, as well as over 650 species of domestic and migratory Birds.
Jim Corbett National Park Kahan Hai?
Jim Corbett National Park, Ramnagar, Uttarakhand is in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand, it is 1st National Park in India founded in 1936 as named Hailey National Park.
Which was the first national park established in India?
In 1936, Jim Corbett National Park Was established and given the name Hailey National Park in honour of its creator, Sir Malcolm Hailey. The Indian Government called it Corbett National Park in 1956 in honour of Jim Corbett, who supported the efforts to preserve wildlife in India.
A reserve was first proposed by the British government in 1907, but it wasn’t until 1936 that it was actually established with Jim Corbett’s help.
Soon after the park was created, it was forbidden to hunt, kill, or capture mammals, reptiles, or birds.
A portion of the park was formerly a part of the Tehri Garhwal princely state. It was then acquired by the British and is currently a part of Uttarakhand.The state of Uttarakhand is currently in charge of managing the park.