Largest Botanical Garden in India is Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden is also known as Indian Botanic Garden and commonly known as the Calcutta Botanical Garden and previously as the Royal Botanic Garden Kolkata, West Bengal in India.
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What is a Botanical Garden?
A botanical garden or botanic garden is an area or garden in which collection, cultivation, preservation of plants, specifically ferns, conifers and flowering plants, are grown and displayed a wide range of plants labelled with their botanical names for the function of education and research via., tours, educational displays, art exhibitions, book rooms, open-air theatrical and musical performances, and other entertainments touched to nature.
The B garden distinguishes them from Parks and Pleasure Gardens-open to the public for recreation and entertainment, where plants, usually with beautiful flowers, are grown for public amenity. Botanical gardens that specialize in trees are sometimes referred to as an arboretum (plural: arboreta).
It may also contain special plant collections, such as:
- Cacti and other succulent plants.
- Herb plant gardens.
- Plants from particular parts of the world, greenhouses and shade houses.
- Special collections of tropical plants, alpine plants, or other exotic plants.
List of Botanical Garden In India
|Padmapuram gardens, Araku||Andhra Pradesh|
|Assam State Zoo-cum-Botanical Garden, Guwahati||Assam|
|Ekamra Kanan Botanical Gardens, Bhubaneswar||Odisha|
|Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan, Patna||Bihar|
|Hyderabad Botanical Garden||Telangana|
|NTR Garden, Hyderabad||Telangana|
|Panjab University Botanical Garden||Chandigarh|
|Jijamata Udyaan, Mumbai||Maharashtra|
|Regional Museum of Natural History Mysore, Mysore||Karnataka|
|Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute, Trivandrum||Kerala|
|Malabar Botanical Garden and Institute for Plant Sciences, Kozhikode||Kerala|
|Government Botanical Gardens, Ootacamund, Nilgiris district||Tamil Nadu|
|Semmoli Poonga, Chennai||Tamil Nadu|
|Madhavaram Botanical Garden, Chennai||Tamil Nadu|
|Aligarh Fort, Aligarh||Uttar Pradesh|
|Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden, Shibpur, Kolkata||West Bengal|
|Agri Horticultural Society of India, Alipore, Kolkata||West Bengal|
|Lloyd’s Botanical Garden, Darjeeling||West Bengal|
|Malampuzha Garden, Palakkad||Kerala|
|Mysore Zoo, Mysore||Karnataka|
|Narendra Narayan Park, Cooch Behar||West Bengal|
|National Cactus and Succulent Botanical Garden and Research Centre||Haryana.|
Importance of Botanical Garden
Plant diversity is currently being lost at an unprecedented rate so importance of Botanical garden can devote their resources to the study and conservation of plants, as well as making the world’s plant species diversity known to the public. These gardens also play a central role in meeting human needs and providing well-being and it will be continued by Education, Research and development facilities to know much more. Some are listed here why is it needed:
- Important contributors to local and national economies – attracting visitors each year via Being major tourist destinations.
- Botanical Survey- to get the plant taxonomic properties.
- Provide many benefits to society such having a positive impact on mental and physical health, particularly in urban settings where the majority of botanic gardens are situated.
- Conservation of plants.
- Research and development – plant taxonomy and genetics, phytochemistry, useful plant properties.
- Education is a strength of botanic gardens that allows them to communicate the importance of conserving plants.
- Living plant collections and seed banks safeguard to rare plant species.
- Ensure to encourage the sustainable use of plant resources with the well-being of people to conserve indigenous and local knowledge.
Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden
The Botanical Garden Howrah exhibit a wide variety of rare plants and a total collection of over 12,000 specimens spread over 109 hectares. It is under Botanical Survey of India (BSI) of Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.
The Botanical Garden Kolkata has completed its bicentenary year. Started by Robert Kyd in 1787, organised by William Roxburgh and developed by Nuthanial Wallich.
This Biggest Botanical Garden in India – Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose botanical garden Kolkata has special plant collecton like Economic plants, medicinal plants, Palmae (109 spp.), Bambuseae (26 spp.), Orchidaceae (80 spp.), Jasmines (25 spp.), water lilies (30 cvs of 4 spp.), Pandanus, Bougainvillea (148 cvs.), Citrus, succulents (100 spp.), medicinal plants (450 spp.).
The Indian botanical garden is located at Howrah has a large collection of palm trees of 8 subfamilies of Arecaceae – Palmae. This (national botanical garden in india) has largest botanical garden kolkata has one of the largest refugia of palms in South East Asia.
The ‘Indian Botanical Garden‘ is located at Howrah near Kolkata most famous for the ‘Great Banyan Tree‘ – (Banyan – Ficus benghalensis), which boasts of having the largest canopy in the world. It is located in Howrah near Kolkata. At present, it is officially called ‘Indian Botanic Garden, Howrah’, but is known generally as the ‘Calcutta Botanic Garden‘ in India.
Botanical Garden Kolkata Images :
Read more: Famous Gardens in India
Interesting Facts about Botanical Garden in India:
- Largest Botanical Garden In India – Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden (Area cover – 109 hectares (270 acres))
- World’s largest botanical garden – Royal Botanic Gardens in Kew, England (300-acre garden) London
- World’s biggest collection of living plants – Royal Botanic Gardens in Kew, England.
- Biggest Botanical Garden In India – Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanical Garden Kolkata, famous for the ‘Great Banyan Tree‘, which boasts of having the largest canopy in the world.
- Government botanical garden located in Udamangalam in Tamil Nadu which is famous for the huge collection of roses. This garden is considered as the largest garden for roses in India.
- Agri horticultural society is located in Alipore, Kolkata and is famous for growing huge collection a variety of rare medicinal, ornamental plants, rare trees, uncommon trees, bonsai, cactus, tissue culture products, floriculture and organic vegetarian items here and also conducts annual flower shows.
- Lloyd Botanic Garden, This garden situated at an altitude of about 2100 meters in the heart of Darjeeling town, West Bengal, The most interesting plant over here is the 118-year-old woody climber Wisteria chinensis.
- Lal Bagh is termed as Red garden situated in Bangalore – a genetic centre for maintaining plants. Various scientific, technical researches are organized here. Lal Bagh seems to be old Mughal architecture combined with old & modern artistic touch.
FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)
Which is the largest botanical garden in india?
Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden, Kolkata, West Bengal in India, Covers Area of 109 hectares (270 acres).
What is a Botanical Garden?
A Botanical Garden or botanic garden is an area or garden in which collection, cultivation, preservation of plants, specifically ferns, conifers and flowering plants, are grown and displayed a wide range of plants labelled with their botanical names.
Indian botanical garden is located in which city?
The ‘Indian Botanical Garden‘ is located at Howrah near Kolkata , West Bengal in India, Covers Area of 109 hectares (270 acres).
Where is Indian Botanical Garden located and famous for?
The ‘Indian Botanical Garden‘ is located at Howrah near Kolkata, West Bengal most famous for the ‘Great Banyan Tree‘, which boasts of having the largest canopy in the world. It is located in Howrah near Kolkata. At present, it is officially called ‘Indian Botanic Garden, Howrah’, but is known generally as the ‘Calcutta Botanic Garden‘ in India.